William clark biography early life
This included "his duty to oversee removal". In later years, he was self-conscious about his convoluted grammar and inconsistent spelling—he spelled "Sioux" 27 different ways in his journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition —and sought to have his journals corrected before publication.
He suffered from an illness that developed during his tenure with General Wayne, and in July,retired from military duty in order to help his family straighten out their business affairs. His brother George Rogers had run up several thousand dollars worth of debt. InClark inherited a large amount of land from his recently deceased father, as well as some slaves. Among these slaves was a man named York, whom Clark had known since childhood, and joined Clark on the expedition. Clark and Lewis corresponded occasionally during the years between Clark's retirement from military life and Lewis's further military career and service as Jefferson's private secretary.
During those years, Clark also met and married Julia Hancock, several years his junior, whom he met when she was 12 years old, and he decided he would marry her on her fifteenth birthday. In mid, after Congress had approved the wilderness expedition that had been a pet project of Lewis's sinceClark received an invitation from Lewis to co-captain the expedition. The expedition progressed well under the co-leadership of the two men. There had been a slight mix-up on the part of the bureaucracy, which had assigned Clark a rank lower to Lewis's, as this was ostensibly a military-sponsored expedition.
Lewis regarded the commission as nothing more than a mistake and treated Clark as an equal throughout the expedition. The captains took separate routes back east after reaching the Pacific. Lewis took a portion of the men and traveled over the land north of the Mississippi river, while Clark and the remaining men navigated the Yellowstone river to the Missouri river.
The captains reunited again closer to St. He continued in Indian diplomacy after the conflict and by his good sense was able to avert trouble with the Indians, who came to trust him more than any other white man. Clark died in St. Highly respected as an administrator, soldier, and explorer, for a half century he had served his country well, particularly in keeping the peace on the Native American frontier. There is no biography of Clark, although one has long been in preparation. Bakeless, John Edwin, Lewis and Clark: Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
Retrieved October 24, from Encyclopedia.
William Clark, —, American explorer, one of the leaders of the Lewis and Clark expeditionb. He was an army officer —96serving in a number of engagements with Native Americans.
In he was chosen by his friend Meriwether Lewis to accompany the overland expedition to the Pacific. His observations of nature enlarged the findings of the expedition; his journals and maps recorded its history.
Clark and Secretary of War Lewis Cass wrote a report that resulted in the revision of the Trade and Intercourse Acts and the reorganization of the entire Indian Bureau in Clark was also a patron of the arts, and he supported the establishment of schools, the growth of banks, and the incorporation of cities.
He invested in real estate and railroads, maintained one of the first museums in the West, and promoted other economic and cultural endeavours in the St. Clark was a devoted family man and a valued friend. He and his wife, Julia Hancock, had five children. He named his eldest son Meriwether Lewis.
On the other hand, Clark treated his slave York harshly upon their return from the expedition, although he claimed to have eventually freed him.
See also Lewis and Clark Expedition. Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. As co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition ofWilliam Clark brought back to Americans the first description of their newly purchased western territories.
In his early career as a soldier he fought against Native American tribes, but as an explorer and an Indian agent he won their respect. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River. Lewis was chief in command, but Clark had had more frontier experience. More than once he saved the party from disaster. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Clark was originally buried at his nephew John O'Fallon's property, in That area is now known as O'Fallon Park. The funeral procession stretched for more than a mile and cannons fired a military salute. The entire city of St.
Louis mourned his passing.Lewis and Clark: Meriwether Lewis and William Clark (FULL Audiobook)
Clark and six of his family members were later buried at Bellefontaine Cemetery on October 23, The monument that marks their graves was dedicated in on the centennial anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson Clark's wife had to complete the building of the monument after Jefferson died in Many years later, the monument was restored and rededicated on May 21,to mark the bicentennial of the Corps of Discovery's departure from St.
Members of the Shoshone, Osage, and Mandan tribes spoke at the ceremony, marking Clark's service to these Indian nations during the final years of his life.
They were honored with a 3-cent stamp July 24, on the th anniversary. The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the United States. Lewis and Clark described and sketched flora and fauna and described the native inhabitants they encountered before returning to St. Among the Early United States commemorative coinsthey were produced in both and and survive in relatively small numbers.
The Lewis and Clark expedition was celebrated on May 14,the th anniversary of its outset depicting the two on a hilltop outlook. Two companion cent stamps showed portraits of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. A special page booklet accompanied the issue in eleven cities along the route taken by the Corps of Discovery. An image of the stamp can be found on Arago online at the link in the footnote. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other people named William Clark, see William Clark disambiguation. Lewis and Clark Expedition. Timeline of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. William Clark and the Shaping of the West. University of Oklahoma Press. Native America, Discovered and Conquered: The Life of William Clark. University of Missouri Press. Foley, Wilderness Journey24—25, mentions the attack on the camp and the casualties, but does not identify the Indians as peaceful or as Shawnee. George Rogers Clark - Siblings".
Archived from the original on November 28, The Lewis and Clark Expedition. Treasures of the Temple.
Archived from the original on June 27, University of Oklahoma Press,pg University of Oklahoma Press,pg xvi. University of Oklahoma Press,pg ,