Srila bhaktisiddhanta sarasvati thakura biography of abraham
He first stayed for a year in Jagannath Puri, and in travelled to South India, where he explored various branches of Hinduism, in particular the ancient and vibrant Vaishnava Shri and Madhva sampradayas , collecting materials for a new Vaishnava encyclopaedia. The principle of kirtana invites, as the future church of the world, all classes of men without distinction of caste or clan to the highest cultivation of the spirit. This became to be the first detailed exposition of Bhaktisiddhanta's thought in this matter that would lay the foundation of his forthcoming Gaudiya Math mission.
However, after finding envy, malice and corruption surfacing in every corner of his inspection, Siddhanta Sarasvati very quickly developed an aversion to state affairs and gave notice of his intention to retire to Maharaja Radhakisore Manikya Bahadur. The Maharaja approved of Siddhanta Sarasvati's plans for renunciation and awarded him full-pay pension. However, after three years Siddhanta Sarasvati also renounced his pension. With his father, he visited many tirthas and heard discourses from the learned panditas.
At Kasi a discussion was held with Ramamisra Sastri regarding the Ramanuja sampradaya. After this talk Siddhanta Sarasvati's life seemed to take a turn, his inclination towards renunciation increased, and he quietly continued to search for a guru. When Siddhanta Sarasvati was twenty-six his father, understanding the mind of his son, guided him to take initiation from a renounced Vaisnava saint, Gaurakishora dasa Babaji.
Gaurakishora dasa Babaji was the embodiment of vairagya and was very selective about giving diksa. He lived beneath a tree near the bank of the Ganga and wore the abandoned clothes of dead bodies as a waist band kaupina. Generally he ate plain rice soaked in Ganga water garnished with chili and salt. Sometimes he utilized discarded earthen pots, after properly washing them he would cook rice in them, offer it to Krishna, and then take Prasada.
Following the advice of his father, Siddhanta Sarasvati went to Gaurakishora dasa and begged to be accepted as his disciple. Gaurakishora replied that he would not be able to give diksa unless he received the approval of Lord Chaitanya. However, when Siddhanta Sarasvati returned again, Gaurakishora said that he had forgotten to ask Lord Chaitanya. On the third visit, Gaurakishora stated that Lord Chaitanya had said that erudition is extremely insignificant in comparison to devotion to the Supreme Lord.
Hearing this Siddhanta replied that since Gaurakishora was the servant of Kapatacudamani the Supreme deceiver hence he must be testing Sarasvati by withholding his consent.Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura – Biography
However Siddhanta Sarasvati remained firmly determined and remarked that Ramanuja Acarya had been sent back eighteen times before he finally received the grace of Gosthipurna, thus he too would wait patiently until the day that Gaurakishora would bestow his benedictions upon him. Seeing the commitment of Sarasvati, Gaurakishora was impressed and gave him diksa in the blissful grove of Godruma and told him, "to preach the Absolute Truth and keep aside all other works.
As instructed by Bhaktivinoda, Sarasvati gave lectures from CC with profound purports. Through the initiative of Bhaktivinoda Thakura the flow of pure bhakti again began to inundate the world.
After Lord Caitanya's disappearance a period of darkness ensued in which the river of bhakti had been choked and practically dried up. The end of the period was brought about by the undaunted preaching of Bhaktivinoda Thakura.Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakura ~ The Universal Teacher
He wrote a number of books on suddha-bhakti siddhanta and published numerous religious periodicals. He inspired many to take up the service of Lord Gauranga and instituted various Nama Hatta and Prapanna-asrama Gaudiya matha centers. In Siddhanta Sarasvati took a vow to chant the Hare Krishna mantra a billion times.
Residing in Mayapur in a grass hut near the birthplace of Lord Caitanya, he chanted the mantra day and night. He cooked rice once a day in an earthen pot and ate nothing more; he slept on the ground, and when the rainwater leaked trough the grass ceiling, he sat beneath an umbrella, chanting.
At the specific request of the Maharaja, Sarasvati Goswami attended the Sammilani and delivered four very brief speeches on suddha-bhakti on four consecutive days. However, he did not take any food during the Sammilani because of the presence of various groups of sahajiyas. Later when Maharaja Manindra Nandi realized what had happened he was deeply aggrieved and came to Mayapura to apologize to Siddhanta Sarasvati. Siddhanta Sarasvati launched a severe attack against those irreligious sects and did not spare anyone who deviated from the teachings of Lord Chaitanya. Even some well-known persons bearing the surname of Goswamis patronized these sahajiya sects during that period.
Siddhanta Sarasvati was deeply grieved to see these groups of prakrita sahajiyas, in the garb of paramahamsa Goswami gurus, misleading the people. Thus he completely dissociated himself and resorted to performing bhajana in solitude. During this period of solitude, one day Lord Chaitanya, along with the six Goswamis, suddenly manifested before Siddhanta Sarasvati's vision and said: Inwhile his aging father was lying ill, Siddhanta Sarasvati took up a challenge against pseudo Vaishnavas who claimed that birth in their caste was the prerequisite for preaching Krishna consciousness.
The caste-conscious brahmana community had become incensed by Bhaktivinoda Thakura's presentation of many scriptural proofs that anyone, regardless of birth, could become a brahmana-Vaishnava.
These smarta brahmanas, out to prove the inferiority of the Vaishnavas, arranged a discussion. On behalf of his indisposed father, young Siddhanta Sarasvati wrote an essay, "The Conclusive Difference Between the Brahmana and the Vaishnava," and submitted it before his father. Despite his poor health, Bhaktivinoda Thakura was elated to hear the arguments that would soundly defeat the challenge of the smartas.
On the request of Madhusudana dasa Goswami of Vrindavana and Visvambharananda deva Goswami of Gopiballabhapur, Siddhanta Sarasvati traveled to Midnapur, where panditas from all over India had gathered for a three-day discussion. Some of the smarta panditas who spoke first claimed that anyone born in a sudra family, even though initiated by a spiritual master, could never become purified and perform the brahminical duties of worshiping the deity or initiating disciples. Finally, Siddhanta Sarasvati delivered his speech. He began quoting Vedic references glorifying the brahmanas, and at this the smarta scholars became very much pleased.
But when he began discussing the actual qualifications for becoming a brahmana, the qualities of the Vaisnavas, the relationship between the two, and who, according to the Vedic literature, is qualified to become a spiritual master and initiate disciples, the joy of the Vaisnava-haters disappeared. Siddhanta Sarasvati conclusively proved from the scriptures that if one is born as a sudra but exhibits the qualities of a brahmana then he should be honored as a brahmana, despite his birth.
And if one is born in a brahmana family but acts like a sudra, then he is not a brahmana. After his speech, Siddhanta Sarasvati was congratulated by the president of the conference, and thousands thronged around him. It was a victory for Vaishnavism. Bhaktivinoda Thakura passed away in on the day of Gadadhara Pandita's disappearance. On the eve of his disappearance Bhaktivinoda instructed his son to preach the teachings of the six Goswamis and Lord Chaitanya far and wide.
He also requested that Siddhanta Sarasvati develop the birthsite of Lord Gauranga. Mother Bhagavati Devi disappeared a few years later. Before her passing away, she held the hands of Sarasvati Goswami imploring him to preach the glories of Lord Gauranga and His dhama. Accepting the instructions of his parents as his foremost duty, Sarasvati Goswami took up this task of preaching with intense enthusiasm and vigour. With the passing away of his father, and his spiritual master a year later, Siddhanta Sarasvati continued the mission of Lord Chaitanya.
He assumed editorship of Sajjana-tosani and established the Bhagwat Press in Krishnanagar. Then inin Mayapur, he sat down before a picture of Gaurakishora dasa Babaji and initiated himself into the sannyasa order.
At this time he assumed the sannyasa title Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Goswami Maharaja. Sannyasa acceptance day, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati was dedicated to using the printing press as the best medium for large-scale distribution of Krishna consciousness. He thought of the printing press as a brhat mrdanga, a big mrdanga. The mrdanga drum played during kirtana could be heard for a block or two, whereas with the brhat mrdanga, the printing press, the message of Lord Chaitanya could be spread all over the world.
Rohinikumar Ghosh, a nephew of Justice Candramadhava Ghosh of Calcutta High Court and originally a resident of Bhola in Barisal now in Bangladeshdecided to renounce the world and engage himself in Hari bhajana. With this purpose in mind he came to Kulia in Navadvipa where he led the life of a Baul. However, he despised the practices of the sevadasis prevalent amongst the Baul sect. Rohini was delighted to see the luminous appearance of Sarasvati Goswami and fascinated by his words.
Late that night, after spending the whole day listening to Sarasvati Goswami's teachings, Rohini returned to his Baul guru's asrama at Kulia. Because pure devotional conclusions are not being preached, all kinds of superstitions and bad concepts are being called devotion by such pseudo-sampradayas as sahajiya and atibari.
Please always crush these anti-devotional concepts by preaching pure devotional conclusions and by setting an example through your personal conduct. Please try very hard to make sure that the service to Sri Mayapur will become a permanent thing and will become brighter and brighter every day.
The real service to Sri Mayapur can be done by acquiring printing presses, distributing devotional books, and sankirtan — preaching. Please do not neglect to serve Sri Mayapur or to preach for the sake of your own reclusive bhajan. I had a special desire to preach the significance of such books as Srimad Bhagavatam, Sat Sandarbha, and Vedanta Darshan. You have to accept that responsibility. Sri Mayapur will prosper if you establish an educational institution there. Never make any effort to collect knowledge or money for your own enjoyment.
Only to serve the Lord will you collect these things. Never engage in bad association, either for money or for some self-interest. After the demise of his father Bhaktivinoda on 23 JuneBhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati relocated his Calcutta press to Mayapur and then to nearby Krishnanagar in the Nadia district. Without these two key sources of inspiration, and with the majority of Bhaktivinoda's followers being married and thus unable to pursue a strong missionary commitment, Bhaktisiddhanta found himself nearly alone with a mission that seemed far beyond his means.
The death of Bhaktivinoda and Gaurakishora Dasa Babaji left Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati with the burden of responsibility for their mission of reviving and safeguarding the Chaitanya tradition as they envisioned it. Deliberating on how to best conduct the mission in the future, he felt that the example of the South Indian orders of sannyasa monasticismthe most prestigious spiritual order in Hinduism, would be needed in the Chaitanya tradition as well to increase its respectability and to openly institutionalise asceticism as compatible with bhakti.
Since there was no other Gaudiya Vaishnava sannyasi to initiate him into the renounced order, he controversially sat down before a picture of his guru Gaurakishora Dasa Babaji and conferred the order upon himself. Registered on 5 FebruaryBhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati's missionary movement was initially called Vishva Vaishnava Raj Sabhain the name of the society founded by Bhaktivinoda.
However, it soon became eponymously known as the Gaudiya Math after the Calcutta branch and his weekly Bengali magazine Gaudiya. The Gaudiya Math core leadership consisted mainly of educated Bengalis and eighteen sannyasis  who were sent off to pioneer the movement in new places in India, and later, in Europe. The Gaudiya Math centres paid serious attention to the individual discipline of their residents, including mandatory ascetic vows and daily practice of devotion bhakti centred on individual recitation japa and public singing kirtan of Krishna's names, regular study of philosophical and devotional texts svadhyayatraditional worship of temple images of Krishna and Chaitanya archana as well as attendance at lectures and seminars shravanam.
A deliberate disregard of social background as a criterion for religious eligibility marked a sharp departure in Bhaktisiddhanta's movement from customary Hindu caste restrictions. As an alternative to the secular concept of "Hindu" and its social implications, Bhaktisiddhanta suggested an ethic of "unconditional reverence for all entities by the realization and exclusive practice of the whole-time service of the Absolute".
While emphasising the innate spirituality of all beings, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati strongly objected to representations of the sacred love between Radha and Krishna, described in the Bhagavatam and other Vaishnava texts, as erotic, which permeated the popular culture of Bengal in art, theatre, and folk songs.
He repeatedly critiqued such popular communities in Bengal as the sahajiyaswho presented their sexual practices as a path of Krishna bhakti, denouncing them as pseudo-Vaishanas. At the same time, Bhaktisiddhanta's approach to the material world was far from being escapist. Rather than shunning all connections with it, he adopted the principle of yukta-vairagya — a term coined by Chaitanya's associate Rupa Gosvami meaning "renunciation by engagement".
This implied using any required object in the service of the divine by renouncing the propensity to enjoy it. Back inBhaktivinoda stated in his Sajjana-toshani magazine a coveted vision of universalism and brotherhood across borders and races:.
When in England, France, Russia, Prussia, and America all fortunate persons by taking up kholas [drums] and karatalas [cymbals] will take the name of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu again and again in their own countries, and raise the waves of sankirtana [congregational singing of Krishna's names], when will that day come!
When will the day come when the white-skinned British people will speak the glory of Shri Shachinandana [another name of Chaitanya] on one side and on the other and with this call spread their arms to embrace devotees from other countries in brotherhood, when will that day come!
The day when they will say "Oh, Aryan Brothers! We have taken refuge at the feet of Chaitanya Deva in an ocean of love, now kindly embrace us," when will that day come! Bhaktivinoda did not stop short of making practical efforts to implement his vision. In he published and sent to several addressees in the West a book entitled Srimad-Gaurangalila- Smaranamangala, or Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, His life and Precepts [e] that portrayed Chaitanya Mahaprabhu as a champion of "universal brotherhood and intellectual freedom":.
Caitanya preaches equality of men He preaches that human thought should never be allowed to be shackled with sectarian views The religion preached by Mahaprabhu is universal and not exclusive. The most learned and the most ignorant are both entitled to embrace it. The principle of kirtana invites, as the future church of the world, all classes of men without distinction of caste or clan to the highest cultivation of the spirit. Bhaktivinoda adapted his message to the Western mind by borrowing popular Christian expressions such as "universal fraternity", "cultivation of the spirit", "preach", and "church" and deliberately using them in a Hindu context.
The book also made its way to prominent scholars such as Oxford Sanskritist Monier Monier-Williams and earned a favourable review in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. Bhaktisiddhanta inherited the vision of spreading the message of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in the West from his father Bhaktivinoda. The same inspiration was also bequeathed to Bhaktisiddhanta as the last will of his mother Bhagavati Devi prior to her deathin In he launched a periodical in English and requested British officers to patronise his movement, which they gradually did, culminating in an official visit by the Governor of Bengal John Anderson to Bhaktisiddhanta's headquarters in Mayapur on 15 January This was followed a few months later by a center established by Swami Bon in Berlin, Germany, from where he journeyed to lecture and meet the German academic and political elite.
Bhaktisiddhanta maintained that, if explained properly, the philosophy and practice of Vaishnavism would speak for itself, gradually attracting intelligent and sensible people. However long in the future it may be, one of my disciples will cross the ocean and bring back the entire world". The deep international tensions globally building up in the late s made Bhaktisiddhanta more certain that solutions to the incumbent problems of humanity were to be found primarily in the realm of religion and spirituality, and not solely in the fields of science, economy, and politics.
I am fully confident that you can explain in English our thoughts and arguments to the people who are not conversant with the languages of other members. This will do much good to yourself as well as your audience. I have every hope that you can turn yourself [into] a very good English preacher if you serve the mission to inculcate the novel impression to the people in general and philosophers of [sic] modern age and religiosity.
Shortly thereafter, on 1 JanuaryBhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati died at the age of The Gaudiya Math mission, inspired by Bhaktivinoda and developed by Bhaktisiddhanta, emerged as one of "the most powerful reformist movements" of colonial Bengal in the 19th and early 20th century. The Gaudiya Math movement, however, slowly regained its strength.
In Abhay Caranararavinda De, now A. Today Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati's Gaudiya Math movement includes more than forty independent institutions, hundreds of centres and more thanpractitioners globally, with scholars acknowledging its public profile as far exceeding the size of its constituency. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Let me not desire anything but the highest good for my worst enemy.
Vaishnava Smarta Shakta Shaiva: Kedarnath Datta 's family ca. From left to right: Reception for Swami Bon and two German converts. Seated far right is Abhay Charanaravinda. Calcutta, 18 September International Society for Krishna Consciousness and A. In Sayamani gave birth to Kedarnath's first son, Annada Prasad, and died of illness shortly thereafter. Kedarnath soon married Bhagavati Devi and had thirteen children with her: You should know that, as a remedy, the practice of varnashramawhich you have recently taken up, is a genuine Vaishnava service seva.
It is because of lack of promulgation of the pure conclusions of bhakti shuddha bhaktisiddhanta that.
You should always critique those views, which are opposed to the conclusions of the sacred texts, by missionary work and sincere practice of the conclusions of bhakti.
Arrange to begin a pilgrimage parikrama in and around Nabadwip as soon as possible. Through this activity alone, anyone in the world may attain Krishna bhakti. Take adequate care so that service in Mayapur continues, and grows brighter day by day. Real seva in Mayapur will be possible by setting up a printing press, distributing bhakti literature bhakti-granthaand nama-hatta devotional centres for the recitation of the sacred names of Godnot by solitary practice bhajana.
You should not hamper seva in Mayapur and the mission pracara by indulging in solitary bhajana. When I shall not be here any more Take special care of it; this is my special instruction to you.
I had a sincere desire to draw attention to the significance of pure shuddha bhakti through books such as Shrimad BhagavatamSat-sandarbhaVedanta-darshanaetc.