Picture of george v and nicholas ii biography
From the time of his birth, he was third in the line of succession behind his father and his own elder brother, Prince Albert Victor. Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark.
The King later came to feel that Knollys had withheld information from him about the willingness of the opposition to form a government if the Liberals had resigned. The general elections had left the Liberals as a minority government dependent upon the support of Irish Nationalists.
As desired by the Nationalists, Asquith introduced legislation that would give Ireland Home Rulebut the Conservatives and Unionists opposed it. On 4 August the King wrote in his diary, "I held a council at It is a terrible catastrophe but it is not our fault.
Please to God it may soon be over. Wells wrote about Britain's "alien and uninspiring court", George famously replied: On 17 JulyGeorge appeased British nationalist feelings by issuing a royal proclamation that changed the name of the British royal house from the German-sounding House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the House of Windsor.
George compensated his male relatives by creating them British peers. In letters patent gazetted on 11 December the King restricted the style of "Royal Highness" and the titular dignity of "Prince or Princess of Great Britain and Ireland" to the children of the Sovereign, the children of the sons of the Sovereign and the eldest living son of the eldest living son of a Prince of Wales. When Tsar Nicholas II of RussiaGeorge's first cousin their mothers were sisterswas overthrown in the Russian Revolution ofthe British government offered political asylum to the Tsar and his family, but worsening conditions for the British people, and fears that revolution might come to the British Isles, led George to think that the presence of the Romanovs would be seen as inappropriate.
The following year, Nicholas's mother George's aunt Maria Feodorovna Dagmar of Denmark and other members of the extended Russian imperial family were rescued from the Crimea by a British warship. Two months after the end of the war, the King's youngest son, Johndied at the age of 13 after a lifetime of ill health. George was informed of his death by Queen Mary, who wrote, "[John] had been a great anxiety to us for many years Before the First World War, most of Europe was ruled by monarchs related to George, but during and after the war, the monarchies of Austria, Germany, Greece, and Spain, like Russia, fell to revolution and war.
The Greek monarchy was restored again shortly before George's death.
Political turmoil in Ireland continued as the Nationalists fought for independence ; George expressed his horror at government-sanctioned killings and reprisals to Prime Minister David Lloyd George. The King and his advisers were concerned about the rise of socialism and the growing labour movement, which they mistakenly associated with republicanism. The socialists no longer believed in their anti-monarchical slogans and were ready to come to terms with the monarchy if it took the first step.
King George V and his physically similar cousin Tsar Nicholas II in German military uniforms in Berlin, 1913
George adopted a more democratic, inclusive stance that crossed class lines and brought the monarchy closer to the public and the working class—a dramatic change for the King, who was most comfortable with naval officers and landed gentry. He cultivated friendly relations with moderate Labour party politicians and trade union officials. His abandonment of social aloofness conditioned the royal family's behaviour and enhanced its popularity during the economic crises of the s and for over two generations thereafter.
The years between and saw frequent changes in government. InGeorge appointed the first Labour Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonaldin the absence of a clear majority for any one of the three major parties.
George's tactful and understanding reception of the first Labour government which lasted less than a year allayed the suspicions of the party's sympathisers.
During the General Strike of the King advised the government of Conservative Stanley Baldwin against taking inflammatory action,  and took exception to suggestions that the strikers were "revolutionaries" saying, "Try living on their wages before you judge them. InGeorge hosted an Imperial Conference in London at which the Balfour Declaration accepted the growth of the British Dominions into self-governing "autonomous Communities within the British Empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another". Inthe Statute of Westminster formalised the Dominion's legislative independence  and established that the succession to the throne could not be changed unless all the Parliaments of the Dominions as well as the Parliament at Westminster agreed.
In the wake of a world financial crisisthe King encouraged the formation of a National Government in led by MacDonald and Baldwin,   and volunteered to reduce the civil list to help balance the budget.
The Family Relationships that Couldn’t Stop World War I
Inthe King bluntly told the German ambassador Leopold von Hoesch that Germany was now the peril of the world, and that there was bound to be a war within ten years if she went on at the present rate; he warned the British ambassador in Berlin Eric Phipps to be suspicious of the Nazis. InGeorge agreed to deliver a Royal Christmas speech on the radio, an event that became annual thereafter. He was not in favour of the innovation originally but was persuaded by the argument that it was what his people wanted.Book Review: 'George, Nicholas and Wilhelm: Three Royal Cousins and the Road to World War One' by Miranda Carter
George's relationship with his eldest son and heir, Edwarddeteriorated in these later years. George was disappointed in Edward's failure to settle down in life and appalled by his many affairs with married women.
The First World War took a toll on George's health: He suffered from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pleurisy. Inon the instruction of his doctors, he was reluctantly sent on a recuperative private cruise in the Mediterranean; it was his third trip abroad since the war, and his last.
A myth later grew that his last words, upon being told that he would soon be well enough to revisit the town, were "Bugger Bognor! George never fully recovered. In his final year, he was occasionally administered oxygen. On the evening of 15 Januarythe King took to his bedroom at Sandringham House complaining of a cold; he remained in the room until his death.
Prime Minister Baldwin later said:. But he did say to his secretary when he sent for him: By 20 January, he was close to death. His physicians, led by Lord Dawson of Pennissued a bulletin with words that became famous: Dawson, who supported the "gentle growth of euthanasia",  admitted in the diary that he hastened the King's death by injecting him, after The royal family did not want the King to endure pain and suffering and did not want his life prolonged artificially but nor did they approve Dawson's actions.
George V disliked sitting for portraits  and despised modern art ; he was so displeased by one portrait by Charles Sims that he ordered it to be burned. George preferred to stay at home pursuing his hobbies of stamp collecting and game shootingand lived a life that later biographers would consider dull because of its conventionality.
After his accession to the throne inGeorge became sovereign of all the orders awarded by the British Empire and later Commonwealth, including those awarded him prior to his accession.
As Duke of York, George's arms were the royal armswith an inescutcheon of the arms of Saxonyall differenced with a label of three points argentthe centre point bearing an anchor azure. As Prince of Wales the centre label lost its anchor. As King, he bore the royal arms.
File:Tsar Nicholas II & King George V.JPG
Inhe removed, by warrant, the Saxony inescutcheon from the arms of all male-line descendants of the Prince Consort domiciled in the United Kingdom although the royal arms themselves had never borne the shield. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see George V disambiguation. List of descendants of George V. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. Retrieved 13 August Their facial features were only different up close. Philip Williamson disputes Bogdanor, saying the idea of a national government had been in the minds of party leaders since late and it was they, not the King, who determined when the time had come to establish one, in Williamson, Philip " Revisited: The Official BiographyLondon: Cassell and Co, p.
Weidenfeld and Nicolson, p. Doctor Sped George V's Death".
File File history File usage Metadata Size of this preview: Date  Author Ernst Sandau http: Other versions Czar and King George at the Library of Congress This image is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published outside the United States prior to January 1, Other jurisdictions have other rules. Also note that this image may not be in the public domain in the 9th Circuit if it was first published on or after July 1, in noncompliance with US formalities, unless the author is known to have died in or earlier more than 70 years ago or the work was created in or earlier more than years ago.
Photo comes from my collection and was scanned by me. The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file pages on other projects are not listed:. This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. The real lesson of this fascinating book is that if, as has often been noted, nations have no friends but only common interests, monarchs don't really have relatives — not when it comes to the crunch, anyway. Czar Nicholas II of Russia, circa Rubin is the author of "Sarah Gertrude Millin: A South African Life.
Seizure Led to FloJo's Death. His scores make his case. Copyright Los Angeles Times.