Mark twain biography education
Clemens thought Letters from the Earth was so heretical that it could never be published. He was told that only three men had been so honored, including the Prince of Wales , and he replied:
Set in the midth century England, it tells the tale of two young boys who are identical in appearance, but born into two entirely different social classes. The story has inspired numerous theatrical production and films. American Short Story Writers. Inthe Yale University awarded him an honorary Doctor of Letters degree. While working as a steamboatman, Mark Twain met Charles Langdon who showed him a picture of his sister, Olivia. Twain began corresponding with Olivia and proposed marriage to her. Her father was against the match but Twain managed to overcome her father's initial reluctance.
The couple married in and had four children, of whom one died in childhood. He deeply loved his wife and was shattered when she died in after 34 years of marriage.
The last decade of his life was a very difficult one, and he was plagued by depression. He died of a heart attack on April 21,at the age of This great American author was born shortly after a visit by Halley's Comet in and died the day after the comet returned in See the events in life of Mark Twain in Chronological Order.Mini BIO - Mark Twain
After returning home to Hannibal, Twain learned that military companies were being organized to assist Governor Jackson, and he enlisted as a Confederate soldier.
Within a short period, he abandoned the cause, deserted the military, and along with thousands of other men avoiding the draft, moved West.
On his way to Nevada, twelve years after the Gold Rush, Twain's primary intentions were to strike it rich mining for silver and gold. After realizing the impossibility of this dream, Twain once again picked up his pen and began to write. Inhe adopted the pseudonym Mark Twain, derived from a river pilot term describing safe navigating conditions. In he published his first book of travel letters entitled Innocents Abroad. The book was criticized widely and discouraged Twain from pursuing a literary career.
In the years that followed, Twain published various articles, made lecture circuits, and relocated between San Francisco, New York, and Missouri.
During this time he also met Olivia Langdon, whom he married on February 2, In November of the same year, their first son, Langdon Clemens, was born prematurely. The Clemens family quickly fell into debt.
However, when over 67, copies of Innocents Abroad sold within its first year, the American Publishing Company asked Twain for another book.
Upon Olivia's request, the couple moved to the domicile town of Hartford, Connecticut, where Twain composed Roughing Itwhich documented the post-Gold Rush mining epoch and was published in With more exotic and foreign settings, The Prince and the Pauper and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court attracted readers also, but T he Adventures of Huckleberry Finnin which Mark Twain again returned to the river scenes he knew best, was considered unacceptable by many. Twain's Tom Sawyer, better organized than Huckleberry Finn, is a narrative of innocent boyhood play that accidentally discovers evil as Tom and Huck witness a murder by Injun Joe in a graveyard at midnight.
The boys run away, are thought dead, but turn up at their own funeral. Tom and Huck decide to seek out the murderer and the reward offered for his capture. It is Tom and his sweetheart who, while lost in a cave, discover the hiding place of Injun Joe.
Though the townspeople unwittingly seal the murderer in the cave, they close the entrance only to keep adventuresome boys like Tom out of future trouble.
In the end, it is innocent play and boyish adventuring which really triumph. Huckleberry Finn is considered by many to be Mark Twain's finest creation. Huck lacks Tom's imagination; he is a simple boy with little education.
A Life Lived in a Rapidly Changing World: Samuel L. Clemens‚ 1835-1910
One measure of his character is a proneness to deceit, which seems instinctive, a trait shared by other wild things and relating him to nature—in opposition to Tom's tradition-grounded, book-learned, imaginative deceptions.
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, a loosely strung series of adventures, can be viewed as the story of a quest for freedom and an escape from what society requires in exchange for success. Joined in flight by a black companion, Jim, who seeks freedom from slavery, Huck discovers that the Mississippi is peaceful though he is found to be only partially correct but that the world along its shores is full of trickery, including his own, and by cruelty and murder. When the raft on which he and Jim are floating down the river is invaded by two criminals, Huck first becomes their assistant in swindles but is finally the agent of their exposure.
Whatever its faults, Twain's Huckleberry Finn is a classic. Variously interpreted, it is often thought to suggest more than it reveals, speaking of what man has done to confuse himself about his right relation to nature. Eventually his account of the voyage was published as The Innocents Abroad It was a great success. The trip abroad was fortuitous in another way.
He met on the boat a young man named Charlie Langdon, who invited Clemens to dine with his family in New York and introduced him to his sister Olivia; the writer fell in love with her.
They were married in February A son, Langdon, was born in Novemberbut the boy was frail and would die of diphtheria less than two years later. Clemens came to dislike Buffalo and hoped that he and his family might move to the Nook Farm area of Hartford, Conn. In the meantime, he worked hard on a book about his experiences in the West. Roughing It was published in February and sold well.
Mark Twain Biography
Later that year, Clemens traveled to England. Upon his return, he began work with his friend Charles Dudley Warner on a satirical novel about political and financial corruption in the United States.
The Gilded Age was remarkably well received, and a play based on the most amusing character from the novel, Colonel Sellers, also became quite popular. He also published A True Story, a moving dialect sketch told by a former slave, in the prestigious Atlantic Monthly in A second daughter, Clara, was born in June, and the Clemenses moved into their still-unfinished house in Nook Farm later the same year, counting among their neighbours Warner and the writer Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Old Times on the Mississippi appeared in the Atlantic in installments in The obscure journalist from the wilds of California and Nevada had arrived: In the process, the journalistic and satirical temperament of the writer had, at times, become retrospective.
Old Times, which would later become a portion of Life on the Mississippi, described comically, but a bit ruefully too, a way of life that would never return. The continuing popularity of Tom Sawyer it sold well from its first publication, inand has never gone out of print indicates that Twain could write a novel that appealed to young and old readers alike. Huckleberry Finn was written in fits and starts over an extended period and would not be published until The embarrassing experience may have in part prompted his removal to Europe for nearly two years. All the while, he continued to make often ill-advised investments, the most disastrous of which was the continued financial support of an inventor, James W.
Paige, who was perfecting an automatic typesetting machine. In Clemens founded his own publishing company, bearing the name of his nephew and business agent, Charles L. Webster, and embarked on a four-month lecture tour with fellow author George W.
Cable, both to raise money for the company and to promote the sales of Huckleberry Finn. Not long after that, Clemens began the first of several Tom-and-Huck sequels. None of them would rival Huckleberry Finn. What distinguishes Huckleberry Finn from the others is the moral dilemma Huck faces in aiding the runaway slave Jim while at the same time escaping from the unwanted influences of so-called civilization. That he did so in the voice and consciousness of a year-old boy, a character who shows the signs of having been trained to accept the cruel and indifferent attitudes of a slaveholding culture, gives the novel its affecting power, which can elicit genuine sympathies in readers but can also generate controversy and debate and can affront those who find the book patronizing toward African Americans, if not perhaps much worse.
If Huckleberry Finn is a great book of American literature, its greatness may lie in its continuing ability to touch a nerve in the American national consciousness that is still raw and troubling.
After working closely with Ulysses S. The prototype for the Paige typesetter also seemed to be working splendidly. Things did not go according to plan, however. His publishing company was floundering, and cash flow problems meant he was drawing on his royalties to provide capital for the business.
Clemens was suffering from rheumatism in his right arm, but he continued to write for magazines out of necessity. He closed his beloved house in Hartford, and the family moved to Europe, where they might live more cheaply and, perhaps, where his wife, who had always been frail, might improve her health.
Debts continued to mount, and the financial panic of made it difficult to borrow money. Clemens assigned his property, including his copyrights, to Olivia, announced the failure of his publishing house, and declared personal bankruptcy. Inapproaching his 60th year, Samuel Clemens was forced to repair his fortunes and to remake his career.
One of the maxims from that novel jocularly expresses his point of view: The peach was once a bitter almond; cauliflower is nothing but cabbage with a college education. The persona of Mark Twain had become something of a curse for Samuel Clemens. Clemens published his next novel, Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc serialized —96anonymously in hopes that the public might take it more seriously than a book bearing the Mark Twain name.
However, in later years he would publish some works anonymously, and still others he declared could not be published until long after his death, on the largely erroneous assumption that his true views would scandalize the public. He gave lectures in Australia, New Zealand, India, South Africa, and points in-between, arriving in England a little more than a year afterward. Clemens was in London when he was notified of the death of his daughter Susy, of spinal meningitis.
A pall settled over the Clemens household; they would not celebrate birthdays or holidays for the next several years. As an antidote to his grief as much as anything else, Clemens threw himself into work. He wrote a great deal he did not intend to publish during those years, but he did publish Following the Equatora relatively serious account of his world lecture tour. Palpable tokens of public approbation are the three honorary degrees conferred on Clemens in his last years—from Yale University infrom the University of Missouri inand, the one he most coveted, from Oxford University in When he traveled to Missouri to receive his honorary Doctor of Laws, he visited old friends in Hannibal along the way.
He knew that it would be his last visit to his hometown. Clemens had acquired the esteem and moral authority he had yearned for only a few years before, and the writer made good use of his reinvigorated position.