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Herbert hoover presidential biography graphic organizer


herbert hoover presidential biography graphic organizer
A love of theater was also borne in her during this time. Lyon's book comes across as a Hoover apology, but in all fairness Hoover's culpability in the Great Depression was exaggerated by enterprising politicians. Bridges, pathways and even trout pools were created.

He is not just short-changing the reader here due to not providing any details on Hoover's performance; he is short-changing Hoover too by not writing about his diligent efforts to manage the situation and help people recover. The book really becomes difficult to read once we reach Hoover's presidency. If you believe Lyons, Hoover was a great president and had a firm grasp on defeating the Great Depression, only to have FDR and the election of artificially re-trigger financial catastrophe.

herbert hoover presidential biography graphic organizer

He portrays Hoover as hard-working entirely believableconscientious also believablePresident who is an activist highly questionable in terms of coming up with creative solutions to ending the Depression. No question, Hoover did work hard to end depression, and he ultimately did stretch his tight limits on what he thought the federal government could do. And waited some more, before deciding to move. Hoover naively thought that local charities and neighbors would shoulder each others' burdens and help everyone recover.

Lyons, of course, relates this in positive terms to Hoover's humanity and belief in his fellow man. That is fine to start off with, but Hoover let this go on for too long. That was intwo years after the crash. What Lyons does not discuss is Hoover's aloofness, his lack of warmth that he shows towards the American people and colleagues, although Lyons breezes past that by saying that Hoover's character caused people to become devoted "Hoover men" and that people called him "Chief"and his inability to connect with their plight.

Certainly, some of the veterans did not behave like model citizens. But Lyons conveniently ignores the fact that Hoover repeatedly refused to meet with any representatives from the veterans group to see if some satisfactory arrangement could be fashioned.

He also mentions General Douglas MacArthur in passing, even though MacArthur was a - perhaps the - biggest reason why things went awry. Again, Lyons fails to provide needed context. When we get to the campaign ofLyons really pours it on: Lyons scours FDR for, well, everything. He continues this anti-Roosevelt diatribe for several chapters, and it really strains credulity to think that Hoover was constantly a saint, and FDR nothing but a sinner.

He did not even make an attempt to be slightly objective. Lyons discusses Hoover's post-presidency in more detail, although still not to the level of a top-notch biographer such as Robert Caro. Perhaps what is most troubling about Lyons' book is that the closest that he comes to even offering a mild criticism of Hoover is when he says that Hoover was "too optimistic" about peace chances after the Munich Agreement in He also writes that Hoover was basically too moral and upright of a person to be a politician, and that perhaps the presidency was the wrong job for him on that basis only.

This hagiography makes it extremely difficult to take Lyons seriously as a biographer. Added to that, there is no index and there are no notes in this book. Lyons lists a slim bibliography at the end. For a biography about a U. President, that is just not acceptable. Jun 24, Steve rated it really liked it. Although Russian-born, Lyons was raised in the United States and became a staunch critic of communism.

Lyons was the author of about a dozen books, including several biographies. He died in at the age of The lengthiest of my four Hoover biographies with pages this book proves lively, dramatic and highly sympa http: The lengthiest of my four Hoover biographies with pages this book proves lively, dramatic and highly sympathetic toward its subject.

But no matter what form the book takes in any given moment it is almost always interesting and fully engaging. While usually a source of great insight into a new chief executive and his approach to the office, Lyons deals with this topic in just a single paragraph.

View all 3 comments. Nov 17, Glenn Robinson rated it really liked it. We all know that President Hoover was the president the day that Wall Street crashed in October,but most do not know what he did before this and few of us know what he did afterwards. He had a very stellar career and was probably the most knowledgeable president before or since on global affairs, food, agriculture, logistics, war and destruction. He raised millions to bring food to both the Western Europeans and the defeated Eastern side in WWI, then duplicated this effort to a worldwide We all know that President Hoover was the president the day that Wall Street crashed in October,but most do not know what he did before this and few of us know what he did afterwards.

Aug 02, Melanie rated it liked it. It only took eight months - reading in fits and starts - but I finally finished! Writing in the s, the author was definitely out to restore Hoover's reputation; his adulation made his credibility suspect in many parts.

The author was at his best writing about Hoover's post-presidential years; the time in Hoover's life when his actions were not highly criticized and thus not in need of defense.

I'm adding Hoover to my list of solid, moral men who were highly successful in their care 3.

I'm adding Hoover to my list of solid, moral men who were highly successful in their careers but were lack-luster presidents. Feb 25, Jacob rated it liked it Recommends it for: In the first weeks of her marriage, immediately following her arrival in China, Lou Hoover began an intensive study of her imminent life in the new country — the culture, the regional differences, and the history. Although based in Tientsin, she visited Peking and some interior regions. Her interest in Chinese porcelains prompted a lifelong passion for collecting samples of various period porcelains, especially of the Ming and K'ang periods.

She spoke the language more easily than her husband and often translated materials for him. One year into their residency in Tientsin, in June ofthe Boxer Rebellion broke out. This was a famously violent attacks and murdering by native Chinese on foreigners in a portion of the port city where they predominantly resided; the natives resented the growing internal influences of non-Chinese on their society. Throughout the crisis, Lou Hoover displayed a level-headed bravery, helping to build up protective barricades, caring for those who were wounded by gunshots, and even assuming management of a small local herd of cows to provide fresh dairy products to children.

Eventually troops from the U. She got around by bicycle, and learned to use a pistol as a means of self-protection. Despite her home being riddled with bullets and shells, she and her husband remained unharmed.

Although she began to write a book on their experiences in China, it remained uncompleted and thus, unpublished. She did, however, publish an article on the Dowager Empress of China In August ofthe Hoovers moved to London, England, Lou's husband having gone to work for the international mining outfit, Bewick, Moreing and Company. He worked for them untilwhen he founded his own firm. Although she would move around the globe giving birth and raising her two sons in the processfollowing "Bert" on assignments in European nations, India, Egypt, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, Siberia, Ceylon, Burma, and Japan, London was their base until For five years during this period she began a collaborative writing project with her husband, the translation from Latin to English of a guide to mining and metallurgy, called De Re Metallica by the German mineralogist George Agricola.

After occupancy in a Hyde Park apartment, they bought an expansive house they called "Red House," and it became a central gathering place for many Americans and other foreigners based in London, thus widening the couples' circle into the arts, entertainment, sciences, politics, law, banking and business.

A love of theater was also borne in her during this time. During this time, she published her article, "John Milne, Seismologist" 19l2. When the conflict that would become World War I broke out in Europe inLou Hoover helped to create and chair the American Women's War Relief Fund and Hospital, an organization to help raise immediate funds and support for the suffering.

She also became a leader in the Society of American Women in London, helping to find housing, food, some financial aid and serving as an informational clearing-house to those unable to get home. With hundreds of thousands of Europeans displaced and, in the case of Belgians, whose country was occupied by Germany, widespread starvation, Hoover was asked by the American Ambassador to organize a mobilization of immediate aid from neutral countries, heading up the Commission for Relief in Belgium.

Bringing her own two sons back to California, Lou Hoover managed to work in partnership with him, as a special representative of the commission, organizing a special branch focused on her fellow Californians, raising money and facilitating transportation of the first boatload of food to those in need.

She further encouraged the widespread sale in America of Belgian lace as a wartime means of supporting one of that nation's primary industries during the war years.

Her article "Belgium's Needs" was also widely reprinted. Travelling between the U. King Albert I of Belgium would decorate her in appreciation for her substantive work, in She forever maintained an interest in the culture and people of Belgium. Inwhen America entered the war, Hoover's work led to his appointment by President Woodrow Wilson as chief of the U. This brought the Hoovers to live in Washington.

There, as volunteer head of the Administration's Women's Committee, Lou Hoover assumed her first major high-profile role in the United States, seeking to illustrate through example, speeches and widespread media publicity how Americans — mostly women who were the primary housekeepers and consumers — could practically conserve food that was needed for American forces and ongoing refugee relief efforts.

The encouraging of Americans to go one day a week without wheat, and another day a week without meat, and using as little sugar as possible, came to be known as "Hoovering," and Lou Hoover offered recipes that adhered to these guidelines and urged citizens to plant, grow, cultivate and harvest their own produce. She even led lessons on how to do it all.

Lou Hoover also took a direct role in finding housing and creating a social gathering center for the thousands of single women who poured into Washington to work in government for the war effort.

herbert hoover presidential biography graphic organizer

It was Lou Hoover who prevailed upon Edith Wilson to accept the role of honorary president of a new organization that she helped forge — the Girl Scouts of America. Every succeeding First Lady since Mrs. Hoover has that role. Her exposure to Great Britain's Boy Scouts and Girl Guides was the impetus to her creation of a similar healthy youth movement for young women.

On 12 Marchshe formed an American Girl Guides group with eighteen girls; a year later she changed the name to Girl Scouts. Intending to not only provide them with exposure to and respect for the natural world, but also self-reliance, discipline and resourceful thinking, she also insisted that any young women be admitted, regardless of physical disability, socio-economic, racial, religious, regional or ethnic background. Just five years after creating the Girl Scouts, Low met Lou Hoover and, struck by the Californian's own grounding in a childhood spent camping, hiking and exploring the natural world, immediately recruited her into the organization's leadership.

Lou Hoover began her work with the organization as a National Commissioner One aspect of the movement that especially appealed to Lou Hoover was the potential for mobilizing thousands of healthy young women to respond to crises and disaster, an effort with which she had practical experience during World War I.

One such effort she found viable was teaching the growing membership how to prepare, cultivate, harvest and re-soil vegetable war gardens.

She was not above taking a hoe and illustrating the process herself. Further, she saw a strong connection between mental and emotional clarity and spending time in physical exertion in the natural, outdoor setting.

At its most basic level, she believed the benefit to the mind and the body from scouting activities would manifest in the lives of maturing girls in both traditional roles as homemaker, wife and mother, but also in the community as activists and participants in civic-related projects.

Despite her status and the spousal obligations that continued for her as a Cabinet wife, Lou Hoover played a substantive and important role at the national level in the founding years of the Girl Scouts.

During the Harding and Coolidge Administrations, Lou Hoover was first Vice Presidentthen promoted to President of the organizationthen returned to being Vice President She even assisted her sister Jean Large, a professional writer, in drafting Nancy Goes Scouting, a book for young adults in the late 's. While working for the national organization, Lou Hoover also simultaneously founded troops in the two cities she then called home, Washington, D.

In creating Troop VII and then becoming its Troop Leader in Washington, Lou Hoover included both white and African-American girls, an extremely rare integration for young children of that generation; she had two stints in this role and With her dual residency in California, she did likewise in Palo Alto, helping to found the troop there in Expanding from it, she helped create the Santa Clara Council inthereby opening the movement to the western states.

She served as a member of the Palo Alto Council for two separate periods Lou Hoover put into practice one of her primary contributions to the organization; organizing and training its adult troop leaders.

To this end, she proposed building one of the "little houses" that could be utilized for both leadership and the girl membership as a headquarters. She and two fellow board members of the Palo Alto branch contributed five hundred dollars each to build it, and the city donated a portion of land for its site.

Local craftsman and laborers donated their skills to help build the structure. After four years from concept to completion, Lou Hoover dedicated the site in June of Despite her involvement in the management and business aspects of the Girl Scouts, Lou Hoover never lost her love of leading hikes, pointing out rock formations and wildlife, the practicalities of sleeping under the stars and even building fires and roasting food over it. Throughout her career in the organization, she would visit Girl Scout camps all through the United States and participated in numerous ceremonies honoring troops.

Anticipating that, the couple first commissioned architect Louis Mulgardt to begin designs but when he announced it to the press in the midst of wartime deprivation, they fired him.

The couple then had Stanford University art professor Arthur B. Clark, an amateur architect, begin the project but on the condition that it was Lou Hoover's design.

Her intent was clear and executed with exacting professionalism. While not a trained architect, she admitted, "I have often wished that I had time to make a profession of it. She did not want a home that could be described or identified by any known architectural style, but rather which fused the many divergent types she had seen around the world, from the square homes of Algeria to those of Native American adobes.

Radically modernistic in its overall look, it remains a true reflection of Mrs. Hoover's embrace of many different world cultures, and was dubbed "International" in its look. Fireproofed, rambling, with hidden terraces and outdoor living rooms, its main entrance high on a hill gave it a look of a smaller house than it was; much of its expanse was hidden on the back side, three stories reaching down a long slop.

Lou Hoover drew sketches for her vision and oversaw construction. Finished in June ofthe Hoovers lived here for brief periods of time through the Twenties and early Thirties, and for a longer stretch after leaving the White House inthough eventually taking a New York apartment in The remarkably designed house was donated to the university where it serves as the president's private home. Although several First Ladies, from Lucretia Garfield to Jackie Kennedy took a direct role in determining the look of homes they had built for themselves, the Hoover home is the only example of architecture largely designed by a First Lady.

Traveling frequently across the continental United States was a delight Lou Hoover indulged in many times. Infor example, she drover her own car from northern California to Washington, D.

She also made her first visit to the territory of Alaska in July ofjoining her husband as part of President Warren Harding's presidential junket there by ship. Her relationship with First Lady Florence Harding was cordial, if formal, though both shared the conviction that young women should be given equal opportunities in their professional, civic and athletic lives.

With the Hardings in San Francisco at the time of the President's sudden death, she interacted with the press as a buffer for Florence Harding. Disliking the time-consuming and old-fashioned custom of having to leave calling cards on formal social visits to other spouses of political figures in Washington, Lou Hoover prevailed upon her fellow Cabinet wives to agree to end the custom, thereby single-handedly ending a 19th century custom that was a burden to more civically active women of the early 20th century like herself.

At complete ease in delivering public speeches to large audiences, through the Twenties, Lou Hoover's membership and involvement in numerous women's clubs and associations had her speaking across the country on various topics. In the fall ofshe spoke to the Pan-American International Women's Committee, suggesting that an understanding of women leaders from different countries could be a component in furthering better international relations. Along these lines, she declared in a speech to the League of Women Voters that women were "here to stay" in the political process. Her fair-mindedness, as well as her extraordinary degree of public service landed her on the cover of Time magazine, the first time any future First Lady was so honored.

A month later, in St. That autumn, she was host to women of some thirty-nine nations, representatives to the International Council of Women's Peace Conference. In May ofin a speech to the Daughters of the American Revolution, she voiced her support for the freer, albeit more revealing, clothing of young women of the era, considering the style to be "sensible. Claus" at the Washington's Children Hospital. Besides her work with the Girl Scouts, and among her dozens of commitments to public service organizations, Lou Hoover was also a key figure in the era's movement to widen opportunity for women in athletic activities.

Many people today think of Ford as a man who stumbled a lot--clumsy on his feet and in politics--but acclaimed historian Douglas Brinkley shows him to be a man of independent thought and conscience, who never allowed party loyalty to prevail over his sense of right and wrong. As a young congressman, he stood up to the isolationists in the Republican leadership, promoting a vigorous role for America in the world. Later, as House minority leader and as president, he challenged the right wing of his party, refusing to bend to their vision of confrontation with the Communist world.

And after the fall of Saigon, Ford also overruled his advisers by allowing Vietnamese refugees to enter the United States, arguing that to do so was the humane thing to do. Brinkley draws on exclusive interviews with Ford and on previously unpublished documents including a remarkable correspondence between Ford and Nixon stretching over four decadesfashioning a masterful reassessment of Gerald R.

Ford by Douglas Brinkley. Showing a talent for local politics, he rose quickly to the U. Once elected, he pushed for legislation limiting the number of immigrants; set high tariffs to relieve the farm crisis after the war; persuaded Congress to adopt unified federal budget creation; and reduced income taxes and the national debt, before dying unexpectedly in Harding by John W.

Though often overlooked, Grover Cleveland was a significant figure in American presidential history. Having run for President three times and gaining the popular vote majority each time -- despite losing the electoral college in -- Cleveland was unique in the line of nineteenth-century Chief Executives. Within these pages are the elements of a rags-to-riches story as well as an account of the political world that created American leaders before the advent of modern media. His six years in office were a time of flappers, speakeasies, and a stock market boom, but his focus was on cutting taxes, balancing the federal budget, and promoting corporate productivity.

He was the progenitor of a conservatism that would flourish later in the century and a true innovator in the use of public relations and media. At a time of great upheaval, Coolidge embodied the ambivalence that many of his countrymen felt.

herbert hoover presidential biography graphic organizer

America kept "cool with Coolidge," and he returned the favor. Though he seized the White House in a landslide against the imploding Whig Party, he proved a dismal failure in office. Holt, a leading historian of nineteenth-century partisan politics, argues that in the wake of the Whig collapse, Pierce was consumed by an obsessive drive to unify his splintering party rather than the roiling country.

He soon began to overreach. Word leaked that Pierce wanted Spain to sell the slave-owning island of Cuba to the United States, rousing sectional divisions. Then he supported repeal of the Missouri Compromise, which limited the expansion of slavery in the west.

Violence broke out, and "Bleeding Kansas" spurred the formation of the Republican Party. In this incisive account, Holt shows how a flawed leader, so dedicated to his party and ill-suited for the presidency, hastened the approach of the Civil War. He vetoed the charter for a new Bank of the United States, which he deemed unconstitutional, and was expelled from his own party. In foreign policy, as well, Tyler marched to his own drummer. The resulting sectional divisions roiled the country.

Herbert Hoover Biographical Sketch

Texas and a place in history. He had served in the Pennsylvania state legislature, the U. House, and the U. Senate; he was Secretary of State and was even offered a seat on the Supreme Court. And yet, by every measure except his own, James Buchanan was a miserable failure as president, leaving office in disgrace. Virtually all of his intentions were thwarted by his own inability to compromise: Baker explains that we have rightly placed Buchanan at the end of the presidential rankings, but his poor presidency should not be an excuse to forget him. To study Buchanan is to consider the implications of weak leadership in a time of national crisis.

Hayes and Samuel Tilden, in which Congress set up a special electoral commission, handing the disputed electoral votes to Hayes, brings recent events into sharp focus. While Hayes did officially terminate the Reconstruction, Trefousse points out that this process was already well under way by the start of his term and there was little he could do to stop it.

A great intellectual and one of our best-educated presidents, Hayes did much more in the way of healing the nation and elevating the presidency. Hayes by Hans L.

Herbert Hoover

Once in power, Carter faced challenges sustaining a strong political coalition, as he focused on policies that often antagonized key Democrats, whose support he desperately needed. ByCarter stood alone in the Oval Office as he confronted a battered economy, soaring oil prices, American hostages in Iran, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. His vision of reconciliation abandoned the millions of former slaves for whom he felt undisguised contempt and antagonized congressional leaders, who tried to limit his powers and eventually impeached him. He was the first man to have been elected president without having held a lower political office.

Eisenhower, the son of another soldier-president, shows how Taylor rose to the presidency, where he confronted the most contentious political issue of his age: The political storm reached a crescendo inwhen California, newly populated after the Gold Rush, applied for statehood with an anti- slavery constitution, an event that upset the delicate balance of slave and free states and pushed both sides to the brink. His truncated presidency had exposed the fateful rift that would soon tear the country apart. Born in a log cabin, he rose to become a college president, Union Army general, and congressman--all by the age of thirty-two.

herbert hoover presidential biography graphic organizer

Embodying the strive-and-succeed spirit that captured the imagination of Americans in his time, he was elected president in It is no surprise that one of his biographers was Horatio Alger. Just four months into his presidency, a would-be assassin approached Garfield at the Washington, D.

First Lady Biography: Lou Hoover

Ira Rutkow, a surgeon and historian, offers an insightful portrait of Garfield and an unsparing narrative of the medical crisis that defined and destroyed his presidency.

For all his youthful ambition, the only mark Garfield would make on the office would be one of wasted promise. Garfield by Ira Rutkow. Though we may view the Eisenhower years through a hazy lens of s nostalgia, historians consider his presidency one of the least successful.

At home there was civil rights unrest, McCarthyism, and a deteriorating economy; internationally, the Cold War was deepening. But despite his tendency toward "brinksmanship," Ike would later be revered for "keeping the peace. Eisenhower by Tom Wicker. His is a legacy of a successful experiment in collective leadership, great initiatives in establishing a strong executive branch, and the formulation of innovative and lasting economic and foreign policies. In this compelling and balanced biography, Burns and Dunn give us a rich portrait of the man behind the carefully crafted mythology.

Volatile, impulsive, irritable, and self-pitying, Adams seemed temperamentally unsuited for the presidency. Yet in many ways he was the perfect successor to Washington in terms of ability, experience, and popularity. Besides maintaining neutrality and regaining peace, his administration created the Department of the Navy, put the army on a surer footing, and left a solvent treasury. He was the originator of so many of the founding principles of American democracy. Politically, he shuffled off the centralized authority of the Federalists, working toward a more diffuse and minimalist leadership.

He introduced the bills separating church and state and mandating free public education. He departed from the strict etiquette of his European counterparts, appearing at state dinners in casual attire and dispensing with hierarchical seating arrangements. Jefferson initiated the Lewis and Clark expedition and seized on the crucial moment when Napoleon decided to sell the Louisiana Territory, thus extending the national development. Madison oversaw the first foreign war under the constitution, and was forced to adjust some expectations he had formed while drafting that document.

Not temperamentally suited to be a wartime President, Madison nonetheless confronted issues such as public morale, internal security, relations with Congress, and the independence of the military. Remini recounts how in the years before his presidency Adams was a shrewd, influential diplomat, and later, as a dynamic secretary of state under President James Monroe, he solidified many basic aspects of American foreign policy, including the Monroe Doctrine. After his term in office, he earned the nickname "Old Man Eloquent" for his passionate antislavery speeches.

But as the revolutionary generation passed from the scene in the s, a new movement, based on the principle of broader democracy, gathered force and united behind Andrew Jackson, the charismatic general who had defeated the British at New Orleans and who embodied the hopes of ordinary Americans. Raising his voice against the artificial inequalities fostered by birth, station, monied power, and political privilege, Jackson brought American politics into a new age.

It was under Jackson that modern American politics began, and his legacy continues to inform our debates to the present day. Today he is a curiosity in American history, but as Gail Collins shows in this entertaining and revelatory biography, he and his career are worth a closer look. The son of a signer of the Declaration of Independence, Harrison was a celebrated general whose exploits at the Battle of Tippecanoe and in the War of propelled him into politics, and in time he became a leader of the new Whig Party, alongside Daniel Webster and Henry Clay.

But it was his presidential campaign of that made an indelible mark on American political history. It was the first campaign that featured mass rallies, personal appearances by the candidate, and catchy campaign slogans like "Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too. Herbert Hoover avg rating preview: Herbert Hoover Goodreads rating: No trivia or quizzes yet. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Open Preview See a Problem? Return to Book Page. Preview — Herbert Hoover by William E. LeuchtenburgArthur M.

EditorSean Wilentz Editor. Herbert Hoover The American Presidents, 31 3. The Republican efficiency expert whose economic boosterism met its match in the Great Depression Catapulted into national politics by his heroic campaigns to feed Europe during and after World War I, Herbert Hoover—an engineer by training—exemplified the economic optimism of the s.

As president, however, Hoover was sorely tested by America's first crisis of the twentiet The Republican efficiency expert whose economic boosterism met its match in the Great Depression Catapulted into national politics by his heroic campaigns to feed Europe during and after World War I, Herbert Hoover—an engineer by training—exemplified the economic optimism of the s.

As president, however, Hoover was sorely tested by America's first crisis of the twentieth century: Renowned New Deal historian William E. Leuchtenburg demonstrates how Hoover was blinkered by his distrust of government and his belief that volunteerism would solve all social ills. As Leuchtenburg shows, Hoover's attempts to enlist the aid of private- sector leaders did little to mitigate the Depression, and he was routed from office by Franklin D.

From his retirement at Stanford University, Hoover remained a vocal critic of the New Deal and big government until the end of his long life. Leuchtenburg offers a frank, thoughtful portrait of this lifelong public servant, and shrewdly assesses Hoover's policies and legacy in the face of one of the darkest periods of American history.

Hardcoverpages. Published January 6th by Times Books first published January 6th The American Presidents The American Presidents Series: To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Herbert Hooverplease sign up. Lists with This Book. Aug 05, Joe rated it really liked it. Book Forty-Two of my Presidential Challenge. Herbert Hoover was a complicated fellow. He was stubborn, never letting facts get in the way of his political philosophy of laissez-faire.

He was deluded, believing that local government and voluntarism could solve the Great Depression when it clearly couldn't. His belief is voluntarism given his career is particularly perplexing. His pre-Presidential career involved him personally getting food and supplies to many in need during WWI.

However, almost all of the funds that provided the same were from governments, not private charity. Time and again, Hoover seemed to omit this fact from his mind. During the Great Depression, this chicken would come home to roost.

Herbert Hoover Biography

Hoover reminded me most of Andrew Johnson in terms of pure stubbornness. Nothing is more dangerous than a deluded man who is sure that history will vindicate him. Did Hoover cause the Great Depression? Did he make it worse? His instincts were horrible on this front. All of the charity he had shown to European nations during WWI seemed to vanish in the wind. He seemed to believe that there was something fundamental about Americans that would reject government action on this scale. Added to this, Hoover was in denial about how bad conditions really were until it was too late made the Depression much, much worse.

Would we remember him fondly but for the Great Depression? He was already burning many legislative bridges prior to the Depression and was well on his way to mediocrity at best when all of the proverbial shit hit the fan. I will say this for Hoover, his heart was in the right place.

herbert hoover presidential biography graphic organizer

He was a self made man and saved many, many lives during WWI. He was just too stubborn to admit when his political philosophy hit a brick wall. Flexibility is a strength that I have discovered in all of the great Presidents. Lack of imagination and rigidity is found in the worst. And is Hoover the worst? I think Andrew Johnson and James Buchanan easily have him beat, but I've got to tell you guys, he could very well be number three. That's just the way the presidential cookie crumbles: Oh yeah, the book!

It shows his strengths and weaknesses and makes me want to learn more. May 07, Steve rated it really liked it. Smith, the Democratic governor of New York, in a landslide. As president, Hoover had hoped to govern in the progressive tradition of Theodore Roosevelt. And true to his dream, he devoted the first eight months of his presidency to a variety of social, economic, and environmental reforms.

The president would not, however, provide direct federal relief to the unemployed. As an alternative, he promoted indirect relief through public works projects and loans to the states.

His programs proved inadequate, however, as the number of unemployed workers increased from seven million in to eleven million in He nonetheless mounted a vigorous campaign for reelection in and traveled the country by train defending his policies at every stop. But it came as no surprise to Hoover that he lost to Franklin D. Roosevelt in the general election. Hoover departed Washington with a heavy heart on March 4,



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