Jolande jacobi paracelsus biography
However neither Paracelsus nor de Mayerne proposed that hydrogen could be a new element. Memorial in Einsiedeln , Switzerland.
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But he called himself Paracelsus. He learned medicine from his father. He learned metallurgy as a lad working in the mines. He became a wandering scholar. Paracelsus took up the alchemy behind medicine and metallurgy.
He rejected Aristotle's science. Knowledge, he claimed, is born in the mind, not in nature. He adopted the language of arcana and magic.
He was difficult at best -- going from town to town, offending people 'til they threw him out.
He nearly settled in Basel when he was The great early printer Frobenius was ill. No other physician could help him, so he turned to Paracelsus. Frobenius must have been desperate. Yet Paracelsus cured him. Paracelsus resumed his study of metals briefly at Schwatz in the Tirol and then began a series of travels that lasted, almost without exception, to the end of his life. He served as an army physician in Denmark from toand the following year he joined the Venetian military forces. Later that year he was on the road again, this time to Strassburg, where he bought his citizenship and apparently intended to settle down.
During all these travels, Paracelsus was spreading the anti-Aristotelian position that the four elements earth, air, fire, and water were composed of primary principles: From a medical viewpoint, salt was thought to be a cleanser, sulfur a consuming agent, and mercury a transporter of the product of consumption.
Shaping the normal healthy organism is a principle called an archeus. When an imbalance occurs among the three principles in man, there is disease, and the office of the doctor is to help the archeus by supplying the right medicines. Advocating the treatment of like by like, Paracelsus therapy is thus homeopathic in theory.
During his travels he acquired a reputation as a healer; all his practical success would support his theory of the three principles.
In Paracelsus was summoned to Basel to treat a patient, and he remained on as town physician, a post that included a lectureship at the university and supervision of the apothecaries. His lectures drew large audiences, but his teaching and style were unpopular with the authorities. He openly challenged the traditional books on medicine and the teaching of medicine by textual analysis; he preferred to lecture in German rather than Latin; he refused to prescribe the medicines of the local apothecaries; and, though sympathetic with some of the ideas of the Reformation, he was a Roman Catholic.
In Paracelsus had to flee to escape arrest and imprisonment. Shortly before the flight from Basel, Paracelsus completed the most important of his earlier works, Nine Books of Archidoxus, a reference manual on secret remedies.
Between and he wrote his bestknown works, the Paragranum and the Paramirum, both dealing with cosmology. He returned to medical writing with the Books of the Greater Surgery in editions of and ; this was his only work that was a publishing success. The Astronomia magna, done between andshows his most mature thinking about nature and man. Paracelsus claimed that the pillars of his outlook on the world were philosophy, astronomy, alchemy, and virtue. Popular ideas of the time opposed these theories and suggested sewing or plastering wounds  Historians of syphilitic disease credit Paracelsus with the recognition of the inherited character of syphilis.
In his first medical publication, a short pamphlet of syphilis treatment that was also the most comprehensive clinical description the period ever produced, he wrote a clinical description of syphilis in which he maintained that it could be treated by carefully measured doses of mercury.
Hippocrates put forward the theory that illness was caused by an imbalance of the four humors: These ideas were further developed by Galen into an extremely influential and highly persistent set of medical beliefs that were to last until the mids.
Contrarily, Paracelsus believed in three humors: He believed that body organs functioned alchemically, that is, they separated pure from impure. Paracelsus supplemented and challenged this view with his beliefs that illness was the result of the body being attacked by outside agents. He objected to excessive bloodlettingsaying that the process disturbed the harmony of the system, and that blood could not be purified by lessening its quantity. Paracelsus gave birth to clinical diagnosis and the administration of highly specific medicines. This was uncommon for a period heavily exposed to cure-all remedies.
The Germ Theory was anticipated by him as he proposed that diseases were entities in themselves, rather than states of being. Paracelsus first introduced the black hellebore to European pharmacology and prescribed the correct dosage to alleviate certain forms of arteriosclerosis. Lastly, he recommended the use of iron for 'poor blood' and is credited with the creation of the terms, 'chemistry,' 'gas,' and 'alcohol' . One of his most overlooked achievements was the systematic study of minerals and the curative powers of alpine mineral springs.
His countless wanderings also brought him deep into many areas of the Alpswhere such therapies were already practiced on a less common scale than today.
Paracelsus extended his interest in chemistry and biology to what is now considered toxicology. That is to say, substances considered toxic are harmless in small doses, and conversely an ordinarily harmless substance can be deadly if over-consumed. His belief that diseases locate in a specific organ was extended to inclusion of target organ toxicity; that is, there is a specific site in the body where a chemical will exert its greatest effect. Paracelsus also encouraged using experimental animals to study both beneficial and toxic chemical effects.
In his work Von den Krankeiten he writes: This opinion and idea are the origin of the disease both in children and adults. In children the case is also imagination, based not on thinking but on perceiving, because they have heard or seen something.
The reason is this: Carl Gustav Jung studied Paracelsus intensively. His work Mysterium Conjunctionis further drew from alchemical symbolism as a tool in psychotherapy. Following Paracelsus' path, it was Jung who first theorised that the symbolic language of alchemy was an expression of innate but unconscious psychological processes. Paracelsus called for the humane treatment of the mentally ill but was ignored for several centuries as he saw them not to be possessed by evil spirits, but merely 'brothers' ensnared in a treatable malady.
Paracelsus This article is about Philippus von Hohenheim, known as Paracelsus. For other uses, see Hohenheim disambiguation. Copy of a lost portrait by Quentin Matsys. Monument to Paracelsus in BeratzhausenBavaria. Memorial in EinsiedelnSwitzerland.
Aurora thesaurusque philosophorum Herald of Modern Toxicology". Retrieved 23 September Discovering the 8th metal PDF. The Western Medical Tradition.
A peoples history of science. James Elliott and Co. In Praise of Mavericks". The Life of Paracelsus. Medicine, Magic and Mission at the End of Time.